This is a light tour, with the usual things to see and do format, but with one very interesting, little happening. The occurrence is that a mixed martial arts warrior is seen going up the steps to one of the shaolin temples. There is a hard smile on his face, and he claims that he is on his way to find out if the monks of shaolin know how to fight for real. Some time later, he is seen returning…and it is obvious that he has just been kicked on his mixed martial beautocks. If one youtubes a bit, they will come across a boxing match between a martial artist taekwondo or karate or something and a shaolin temple monk.
In the fight, the monk pretty much slaps aside all attacks, then launches a gorgeous assault. If one examines the records of karate in early Okinawa, there is much mention of training with temple monks in a certain province of China. This is a direct connection between two significant martial arts. The specific method is either slaps with the palm or beaks with the backs of the wrist, and in both up and down and sideways directions.
If one analyzes these slaps, an entire fighting method can be figured out pretty easily. Indeed, if one looks at fighting in general, the basic parry is nothing more than a slap. This is a method which could easily be trained in. Simply set up two bags a couple of feet apart and practice striking them with wrist and palm; this actually closely resembles basic iron palm training from the ancient methods of kung fu.
To conclude, there is much loose thought in this article, but there is also a specific line of thought.
Could true kung fu fighting methodology be founded upon something as simple as the palm and beak? This writer would suggest that any interested martial artist could discover whether this was so; simply bow and offer a polite challenge to any Shaolin Monk you might meet. From the s to the s, pirates known as wokou raided China 's eastern and southeastern coasts on an unprecedented scale. The geographer Zheng Ruoceng provides the most detailed of the 16th-century sources which confirm that, in , Wan Biao, Vice Commissioner in Chief of the Nanjing Chief Military Commission, initiated the conscription of monks—including some from Shaolin—against the pirates.
The monks won their greatest victory at Wengjiagang. Not all of the monks who fought at Wengjiagang were from Shaolin, and rivalries developed among them. Zheng ranked Shaolin first of the top three Buddhist centers of martial arts. The Funiu monks practiced staff techniques which they had learned at the Shaolin Monastery. In a deeper point of view, Quan is considered part of Chan.
Images from Shaolin Cultural Centre of Canada
Forms that are technically closely related are coupled together and are considered of the same sub-style. These are usually called the small and the big forms, like the small and big hong quan, which altogether make the Shaolin hong quan style, and the small and big pao quan, etc. There are also some styles with one form, like taizu chang quan. Indeed, these styles are not complete or stand-alone, this is just a classification of different forms of Shaolin kung fu based on their technical contents.
Shaolin kung fu has more than hundreds of extant styles. There is recorded documentation of more than a thousand extant forms, which makes Shaolin the biggest school of martial art in the world. In the Qing dynasty , Shaolin monks chose of the best styles of Shaolin kung fu.
Then they shortlisted the 18 most famous of them. However, every lineage of Shaolin monks have always chosen their own styles.
To learn a complete system, Shaolin monks master a number of styles and weapons. The most famous styles of Shaolin kung fu are:. Huang Zongxi described martial arts in terms of Shaolin or "external" arts versus Wudang or internal arts in Some say that there is no differentiation between the so-called internal and external systems of the Chinese martial arts,   while other well-known teachers hold the opinion that they are different.
For example, the Taijiquan teacher Wu Jianquan :.
Those who practice Shaolinquan leap about with strength and force; people not proficient at this kind of training soon lose their breath and are exhausted. Taijiquan is unlike this. Strive for quiescence of body, mind and intention. Some lineages of karate have oral traditions that claim Shaolin origins. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Jiajing wokou raids. Han Wei Wushu Fall China Review International. Han Wei Wushu. Tuttle martial arts Boston, Mass.
Shaolin boxing styles
Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. The Chinese Knight Errant. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Asia Major Third Series. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol.
Shaolin Arts - Martial Arts
Archived PDF from the original on 23 February North Atlantic Books. Wayfarer Publications. Archived from the original on 30 April Retrieved 30 April Archived from the original on 10 December Archived from the original on 8 July